The forecasts are predicting our first snow flakes next week, so it’s a good thing I spent part of last weekend winterizing the coop. I cleaned it out good, installed a water de-icer and also installed 4 marine-style tarps to the outside of the run to prevent snow from blowing in and to reduce drafts over the winter. I took some measurements a few weeks back and ordered some custom sized heavy-duty polyester tarps from MyTarp.com. It was really reasonable from a cost standpoint. When I got them home I installed stud-fastener grommets instead of typical brass tarp grommets. This will allow me to easily open up a tarp for a rare warm winter day and also ease taking things off easily in the spring.
A big part of moving was finding a municipality that would allow us to keep chickens. We moved in August 2012 and spent the first few months making interior improvements to our fixer upper. When spring sprung in April, it was time to build the chicken coop. While I toyed with designing and building a coop from scratch, I didn’t have a ton of time on my hands (with an infant, etc.), so I ended up picking up a base plan from The Garden Coop. Glad I did too. The plan was great. Well documented, but flexible. I ended up making a few tweaks from the base plan – moving the chicken entrance door and how some of the interior was constructed – but overall the plan was solid. I highly recommend it.
It took parts of 5 weekends to build. I had about 2 days in that period that I could focus on the build, otherwise is was 2 or 3 hours here and there. From the start, I gave myself a deadline by ordering 3 Black Australop and 2 Red Sex Link chicks from MyPetChicken.com that were due to be delivered June 4th. I ordered lumber for delivery and boned up on keeping poultry by reading a few books and visiting backyardchickens.com. In the end, things went rather smoothly overall.
The foundation was easily the most difficult part. The area was sloped and the ground was frozen when I started. Eventually, I got everything leveled and the basic frame erected.
Next up was the roof. The polycarbonate panels were remarkably easy to install and should last forever. I went with a semi-opaque version that will block direct sun yet still let a lot of light in.
Shown with some of the siding installed above. Wrapping and securing the hardware cloth was the second most difficult part of the build, but worth it. It extends a foot into the soil and I have stone all the way around the base on top of that. Theoretically, this thing is predator-proof.
Here it is in its final glory, ready for the girls to arrive.
Here’s a recent shot, with the ladies enjoying their coop. You can also see the grass-joint flagstone walkway I recently installed.
Here’s my daughter checking out the chicks. She’s named them for us. Meet Pipsqueak, Uno, Tootsie, Nugget and Chancellor Puddinghead. (I know, I know…)
Dang, these chicks grow fast. Here they are at about 3 weeks old. Gangly teenage years.
They’re not quite to laying age, so the benefits of keeping aren’t fully realized yet. The biggest plus to date has been having a place (other than the compost bin) to use our food waste. These girls are voracious omnivores. Our new nutrient cycle is: Food Scraps Chickens Poo Compost Pile Food Repeat…
The ladies roosting. Chancellor Puddinghead (The Red Sex Link on the left) has become the top hen of the pecking order. She’s bold and curious. The others follow her lead generally.
A detail of the interior clean-out door. This allows you to clean out the coop while keeping them contained in the run.
Devouring the leftover pancakes from this morning’s breakfast.
So far so good. The next few weeks should produce the first eggs from the coop. Then we’ll see if all of the work has been worth it! I must say, now that it’s all built, the “keeping” part is rather low maintenance; food, water and an occasional clean out.
Spring is in the air, almost, and I’ve been reading lots about agriculture lately, researching what varieties of plants grow best in my climate. The best-written resource I’ve read lately is The Resilient Gardener, by Carol Deppe. She’s fiesty and opinionated (don’t get her started about her bad back), but I’ve never read a book about gardening before that was written with such wisdom, passion, and command of subject matter, all delivered in a tone that feels like a conversation with a neighbor over a fence on a cool summer morning. Her insight is scary and her methods practical. The only issue with the book is that it’s all based on her local climate in maritime Oregon, so the knowledge it contains doesn’t directly transfer to Southeast Wisconsin. Her approach however is what I will emulate.
Her insight is scary and her methods practical.
For resources closer to home, I just stumbled upon an amazing collection of publications provided by the UW-Extension system. It’s a huge selection of freely-downloadable PDFs on everything from growing grapes and tomatoes, to raising goats or chickens. You can purchase hard-copies, or just download them as needed. Very handy and makes me proud that my tax dollars are going towards such valuable resources.
Enough reading for now. I’m headed out to plant the first lettuces and spinach of the season.
Lately I’ve been planning/fantasizing about owning a small hobby farm. A place with some acreage to have a big garden, raise some chickens, a goat or two, and maybe some bees. A place for my daughter to connect with nature. All this got me thinking about growing grain – wheat in particular. How hard could it be, right? I mean, it’s the nutritional backbone of a huge portion of the world’s population. Turns out it’s pretty easy to grow (sow). Where it really gets tricky is harvesting and processing it. In the modern age it’s even simpler; plow the field, lay down petroleum-based fertilizer, lay down seed, irrigate and then harvest with a huge combine. Combine? What the hell kind of name is that? Well, a pretty logical one. A combine is a machine which combines the reaping and threshing stages of harvesting.
You do this by pummeling it, by hand, with a tool called a flail, which is essentially a giant set of nun-chucks.
In the olden days (a century ago), the process of harvesting wheat was different. Once wheat was ready to harvest, it was cut by hand (reaped) by laborers with large sickles or scythes. It was then bundled together and set in the field to cure, or dry. Once it was ready, it was time to separate the grain from the stalk through a labor-intensive process called threshing. Threshing totally sucks. You basically beat the hell out of the grain to separate the wheat from the chaff. You do this by pummeling it, by hand, with a tool called a flail, which is essentially a giant set of nun-chucks. Some folks had their cloven animals just walk all over the grain until it separated. However it was done, it was really labor-intensive and you can see why machines were invented to do this task.
Threshing totally sucks.
The invention of the tractor revolutionized agriculture. Not only could it plow the land, but you could hook any number of implements up to it, including a mechanical thresher. What once took countless man hours was reduced to a simple process of feeding the wheat stalks through the thresher to separate the grain. Threshers came in all sorts of sizes and capacities, including small models that could be the backbone of a small farm or homestead. Enter the combine.
After WWII, agricultural machinery grew in complexity and capability, along with the birth of “modern” agricultural techniques. As a result, the cost of machinery grew as well, as did the cost of entry. Today in the U.S., if you or I wanted to grow just a single acre of wheat and then harvest it, we’d be hard pressed to be able to accomplish the task. No one makes an affordable small-scale thresher anymore because there’s no money to be made there. Some people have resorted to converting wood chippers to do the task. Other’s make their own based on trial and error. And then there’s those that just go to town with an old shoe.
You’d think if we could put a man on the moon that we could create a low-cost way to harvest wheat, the backbone of the Western diet. I guess I’ll just need to grow corn instead, which is infinitely easier to harvest. Problem is I’m lukewarm to cornbread.